Looking to spice up your conversation? Asking indirect questions is a great way to do so, and Latin is the perfect language for it. Indirect questions in Latin are a bit different than in English, but with a little practice, you’ll be a pro in no time. Keep reading to learn all about indirect questions in Latin!
To create an indirect question in Latin, use the question word that started the original direct question as a conjunction, and then put the whole thing into subjunctive, using the sequence of tenses rules we just learned.
For example, if someone asks you “Quid facis?” (“What are you doing?”), you could answer with an indirect question by saying “Cur non discedis?” (“Why don’t you leave?”). In this case, the original question word (“quid”) is used as a conjunction (“cur”), and the whole sentence is in subjunctive (“discedis”).
Indirect questions can be used to great effect in Latin conversation, since they add a layer of politeness and indirectness to your speech. They can also be used to avoid directly answering a question, which can be useful in many situations!
Table of Contents
What is an example of an indirect question?
An example of an indirect question would be if someone said to you, “Can you tell me where MacDougal Street is?” In this case, the person is not asking a direct question but instead is requesting information from you. The question word “where” is known as a “wh-question” word, and these are typically used in indirect questions. Other examples of wh-question words include “what,” “when,” “who,” “why,” and “how.”
What is the difference between a direct and indirect question in Latin?
In Latin, there is a difference between direct and indirect questions. Direct questions take the indicative, while indirect questions take the subjunctive. This is because in Latin, word order is very important and shifting the word order would create meaningful syntax. Therefore, subordinate verbs are used in indirect questions to preserve meaning.
What is an indirect question in Latin and English grammar?
An indirect question is a question that is not directly asked but is implied by the context or situation. For example, in Latin, an indirect question might be introduced by an interrogative pronoun such as quis (who), quid (what), cur (why), or quomodo (how), and it would be the subject or object of a verb, or depend on any expression implying uncertainty or doubt. In English grammar, an indirect question is typically introduced by a phrase such as “I wonder” or “Do you know,” and it functions as either the subject or object of a main clause verb.
How do you form indirect commands in Latin?
To form an indirect command in Latin, you use the subjunctive mood. This is because indirect commands are usually given in the third person, so you need to use the third person conjugation of the verb. For example, if you wanted to say “He commanded that we come,” you would use the verb venire in the subjunctive mood. To do this, you would conjugate it as follows:
venio, -ire, -ivi/-ii, -iturus
venimus, -ire, -ivimus/-iiimus,-ituri
How does Latin form indirect discourse?
Latin uses the indirect discourse construction to express what someone has said. In this construction, the infinitive must have a subject, and the subject must be in the accusative case. This Subject Accusative – Infinitive construction represents the Subject – Verb of a sentence and it acts like the direct object of the verb of saying. Dixi me eum amare = “I said that I love him.”
Do indirect questions have question marks?
Thomas S. Kane observes that indirect questions do not typically end with a question mark, but rather with a period. He notes that while these questions demand a response from the listener, they are expressed as declarations without the usual formal characteristics of a question. This means that there is no inversion, no interrogative words, and no special intonation.
Kane provides an example of an indirect question: “He asked me what time it was.” In this sentence, the word “what” is not an interrogative pronoun (as it would be in a direct question such as “What time is it?”), but rather a relative pronoun introducing the subordinate clause “what time it was.” The main clause of the sentence (“He asked me”) is declarative, not interrogative.
Thus, according to Kane’s analysis, indirect questions lack some of the key features that characterize direct questions. This helps to explain why they do not typically end with a question mark.
What does Oratio obliqua meaning?
Oratio obliqua is a figure of speech in which a speaker or writer deliberately uses indirect language to express themselves. This can take the form of either saying something indirectly, or quoting someone else who said it directly. Oratio obliqua is often used as a way to maintain distance from the person or topic being discussed, or to avoid saying something directly that might be seen as controversial. It can also be used for emphasis, or to make a statement more poetic or dramatic.
How do you form Gerundive in Latin?
The gerundive is formed by removing the ‘-m’ from the gerund and adding ‘-s’. The gerundive has the same endings as a Group 1 and 2 adjective, such as ‘bonus, -a, -um’, and is usually translated into English with the words ‘to be’ followed by the past participle.
What is direct and indirect question with examples?
Direct questions are those that can be answered with a simple “yes” or “no”. They usually don’t require any further explanation. For example:
Do you like Italian food?
Are your parents joining us for dinner?
Indirect questions, on the other hand, are those that can’t be answered with a simple “yes” or “no”. They usually require some additional information or explanation. For example:
Can you tell me if you like Italian food?
Do you know if your parents are joining us for dinner?
What is the difference between direct and indirect question?
There are two main types of questions: direct and indirect. The key difference between direct and indirect questions is that direct questions are informal and friendly, whereas indirect questions are polite and formal. A direct question always ends with a question mark, but this is not always true with indirect questions.
Direct questions are typically used in everyday conversation or when we want to get information quickly. They usually begin with a question word (e.g., who, what, where, when, why, how) or an auxiliary verb (e.g., do, can, will). For example:
Who are you?
What is your name?
Where do you live?
When will you be back?
Why did you do that?
How did it happen?
Do you like ice cream?
Can you speak French?
These types of questions are easy to spot because they typically have a rising intonation at the end (i.e., they sound like a statement that’s waiting for confirmation). In contrast, indirect questions are more polite and formal. They often begin with phrases such as “Could you tell me…,” “Do you know…,” or “Could you possibly…”. For example: Could you tell me what your name is? Do you know where the nearest bank is? Could you possibly give me directions to the train station?
Indirect questions typically don’t end with a question mark because they sound more like a request than an actual question. However, there are some exceptions to this rule – if an indirect question is really long or complex, it might end with a question mark to show that it’s still a question. Overall, though, indirect questions tend to be more polite and formal than direct questions.